Most early policies and practices, including the construction and creation of Antarctic organizations were created initially by men. In Western culture , frontier territories are often associated with masculinity. Men enjoyed having a space that was free of women and which in the late s "allowed them to continue the kind of male companionship and adventure they had enjoyed during the Second World War. In the s, there was an attempt by men to memorialize the "Sistine ceiling" of the Weddell hut in Antarctica as an Australian national heritage site of "high significance. Other men felt that women's presence made life in Antarctica better and one male engineer stated that without women around, "men are pigs.